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Most of these verbs must have an object after the verb which is not shown in the examples: "John begins work." "John begins his homework."
Usually the present continuous form is used more often than the simple present; "John is shaking the tree." is used more often than "John shakes the tree." For a table of verb forms click here.
Time is shown using the words (today) for the present, (yesterday) for the past, and (tomorrow) for the future.
Use for Present Tense - for 3rd person singular only, add "s" to bare stem - singular subject (verb + s).
John shakes (today).
Jane shakes (today).
He shakes (today).
She shakes (today).
It shakes (today).
All others, do not add "s" to the bare stem - subject (verb).
They shake (today).
Simple Past Tense - do not add anything to verb - subject (verb).
John shook (yesterday).
They shook (yesterday).
Past Participle - do not add anything to verb.
Use for Present Perfect - subject has/have (verb), note: use "has" for 3rd person singular only, all others use "have":
John has shaken (today). He has shaken (today).
They have shaken (today).
Use for Past Perfect - subject had (verb).
John had shaken (yesterday).
They had shaken (yesterday).
Use for Future Perfect - subject will have (verb) (tomorrow).
John will have shaken (tomorrow).
They will have shaken (tomorrow).
|Column One||Column Two||Column Three|
|Bare Stem||Simple Past Tense||Past Participle|
add "s" only for 3rd person singular
He (verb + s) (today).
They (verb) (today).
|He (verb) (yesterday).
It (verb) (yesterday).
They (verb) (yesterday).
|He has (verb). It has (verb).
They have (verb).
He had (verb) (yesterday).
He will have (verb) (tomorrow).
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