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Irregular Verbs

Pattern a, a, a - Bare Stem, Simple Past Tense and Past Participle All the Same

by Sally Jennings

"Yesterday" is used for the past, "now" for the present, and "tomorrow" for the future in these sample sentences. Many of these verbs must have an object, for example: The snake shed (object) yesterday. = The snake shed its skin yesterday.

Column One
   Bare Stem
   Use for Present Tense - for 3rd person singular only, add "s" to bare stem - singular subject (verb + s) now.

      John quits now.
      Jane quits now.
      He quits now.
      She quits now.
      It quits now.
   All others, do not add "s" to the bare stem - subject (verb) now.
      They quit now.

Column Two
   Simple Past Tense - do not add anything to verb - subject (verb) yesterday.

      John quit yesterday.
      They quit yesterday.

Column Three
   Past Participle - do not add anything to verb.

      Use for Present Perfect - subject has/have (verb), note: use "has" for 3rd person singular only, all others use "have":
         John has quit. He has quit.
         They have quit.

      Use for Past Perfect - subject had (verb).
         John had quit yesterday.
         They had quit yesterday.

      Use for Future Perfect - subject will have (verb) tomorrow.
         John will have quit tomorrow.
         They will have quit tomorrow.

Column One Column Two Column Three
Bare Stem Simple Past Tense Past Participle
Present Tense
add "s" only for 3rd person singular
He (verb + s) now.
They (verb) now.
He (verb) yesterday.
It (verb) yesterday.
They (verb) yesterday.
He has (verb). It has (verb).
They have (verb).
He had (verb) yesterday.
He will have (verb) tomorrow.
bet bet bet
broadcast broadcast broadcast
burst burst burst
cast cast cast
cost cost cost
cut cut cut
fit fit fit
hit hit hit
hurt hurt hurt
knit knit knit
let let let
put put put
quit quit quit
read read read
set set set
shed shed shed
shut shut shut
slit slit slit
split split split
spread spread spread
thrust thrust thrust
upset upset upset
wed wed wed

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