speak-read-write.com

Copyright 2004-2016 Sally Jennings Speak-Read-Write.com

Listen to the mp3 audio while you read the story

It's Sleepytime, Nighty Night, Sis

by Sally Jennings

"Well I see you are finally here, Cynthia." Carol said to her sister as the screen door banged shut. "Where have you been? I've been waiting and waiting for you. You said you would be here an hour ago. Remember? Three o'clock, not four o'clock?"

"I know," Cynthia answered, "I was too tired. Working night shift is just too much sometimes. When I got in bed this morning, I had it all planned, timewise, I mean. I set my alarm clock and thought, now let's see, by two o'clock, I will have slept for eight hours. That will be perfect. Eight hours will be plenty. Well ha, ha, sure didn't work right. Too many interruptions. When I sleep at night, I sleep well . I have slept well ever since Lennie moved out three years ago. But this daytime stuff, that's another story."

Carol cleaned up the kitchen sink while Cynthia continued, "I did go to sleep right away. I was sleeping when Barbara walked by with that loud yappy dog of hers, and woke me up. Then I drifted off to sleep again, no problem. I had been sleeping for two hours when the phone rang for Molly, and woke me up. So then I got up and had a little bit to eat. Maybe the food was a mistake, I don't know. It took me a long time after the snack to go back to sleep."

"I had slept for three more hours when Larry's motorcycle broke down in his driveway next door, and that woke me up. Of course, Larry had to fix it right away, right there in the driveway. And as you know, he is not very good at motorcycle repair. Test, run the motor, retest, run it again, and all that. Well, when that happened, that was it. I tried, but I didn't go back to sleep after that. So I slept for five whole hours today, and only five hours, even though I am an hour late."

"Okay, okay, okay, I believe you, now can we get out the door here and on the way?" pleaded Carol.

"Sure, I have it all planned." Cynthia continued. "We're taking your car, so you can drive. I hope that if you glance over my way during the trip, you can truthfully say, I see that Cynthia is sleeping. Or better yet, Cynthia has been sleeping for two hours."

"Yes, right," Carol sighed. "If you had slept enough earlier, well, never mind. You just go right ahead and sleep the whole trip. In fact, I predict that you will be sleeping when we reach the freeway, and that you will sleep for three hours. How's that?"

"Oh wonderful," said Cynthia as she settled into the front passenger's seat of Carol's car. "Wake me up at Mom's house. By that time I will have been sleeping for three hours. Oh joy, oh rest my weary soul. It's sleepytime, nighty night, Sis."

*****************
*****************

Verb forms of “to sleep” in the story above are all in the Active Voice (it is not possible to use "to sleep" as a passive verb). Note that there are various ways of naming the verb tenses (the future is an aspect, not a tense). The important part is to memorize the form of the verb phrase, and use it correctly. I have shown all the possible verb forms for each construction. If only one form is shown, only one form is correct. Note that the verb "sleep" does also have another form "asleep" which may be combined with the verb "to be," as in "he is asleep," and so on. I have not dealt with that here.

The verbs in the story are:

Simple Present (sleep)
[present formed from verb stem inflected for person and number, sleep/sleeps]

Present Progressive
(also called Present Continuous) (is sleeping)
[present form of "to be" inflected for person and number, is/are
+ progressive formed from verb stem plus -ing, sleeping]


Simple Past (slept)
[past form of the verb, here the same form as the past participle, slept]

Past Progressive
(= Past Continuous) (was sleeping)
[past form of "to be" inflected for person and number, was/were
+ progressive formed from verb stem plus -ing, sleeping]

Simple Future (will sleep)
[modal auxiliary verb, will
+ bare infinitive, sleep]

Future Progressive
(= Future Continuous) (will be sleeping)
[modal auxiliary verb, will
+ bare infinitive of verb "to be", be
+ progressive formed from verb stem plus -ing, sleeping]

Present Perfect (has slept)
[auxiliary verb "to have" present form, inflected for person and number, has/have
+ past participle, here the same form as the past form, slept]


Present Perfect Progressive
(= Present Perfect Continuous) (has been sleeping)
[auxiliary verb, inflected for person and number, has/have
+ past participle of the verb "to be," been
+ progressive formed from verb stem plus -ing, sleeping]

Past Perfect (had slept)
[past form of the verb "to have," had
+ past participle, slept]

Past Perfect Progressive
(= Past Perfect Continuous) (had been sleeping)
[past form of the verb "to have," had
+ past participle of the verb "to be," been
+ progressive formed from verb stem plus -ing, sleeping]

Future Perfect (will have slept)
[modal auxiliary verb, will
+ auxiliary bare stem, have
+ past participle, slept]

Future Perfect Progressive (= Future Perfect Continuous) (will have been sleeping)
[modal auxiliary verb, will
+ auxiliary bare stem, have
+ past participle of the verb "to be," been
+ progressive formed from verb stem plus -ing, sleeping]

Speak Read Write Educational Resources
Speak Read Write Home